新港报告“语言文学”系列(第二讲)语言认知系列:新闻是如何借助语言与图像重塑世界的?

讲座名称: 新港报告“语言文学”系列(第二讲)语言认知系列:新闻是如何借助语言与图像重塑世界的?
讲座时间 2019-11-16
讲座地点 创新港涵英楼新港报告厅(5-2W204)
讲座人 Paulus van den Hoven
讲座内容

新港报告“语言文学”系列(第二讲)

The iHarbour Lecture Series on Language & Literature

第二讲 语言认知系列

How do Language and Images Reconstruct the World in News?

讲座题目新闻是如何借助语言与图像重塑世界的?

讲座时间:2019年11月16日15:40-16:50

讲座地点:创新港涵英楼新港报告厅(5-2W204)

讲座人:Prof. Paulus van den Hoven

讲座内容:

新闻工作者在报道过程中要做到客观,但客观性指的是什么?记者是否能真正做到客观公正呢?霍温教授指出:新闻报道是对文字和图像慎重选择的结果,因此记者不可能完全做到客观。基于以下三个因素:(1)对事件的看法及其新闻价值;(2)写新闻时对文字和图片的选择;(3)表达语域的主观性。霍温教授通过对新闻报道中修辞的使用进行案例分析,揭示新闻工作者如何找到合适的语言并对它们进行分类,以重现事实。他提出:应该用“透明度”这一概念取代“客观性”,而批判性修辞的使用在此过程中扮演着非常重要的角色。

Journalists are always expected to be objective in their reporting. What does it mean by objectivity in journalism? Can journalists avoid subjectivity and be truly objective? In this talk, the speaker argues that journalist reporting is the result of a set of significant choices about language and images, which make objectivity in news reports an illusion. Subjectivity, rather than objectivity, is inherent with reports due to the following three factors: (1) the perception and the newsworthiness of the situation; (2) choices about language and images in formatting the news; and (3) the subjectivity in the registers to express. The speaker will present a rhetorical analysis of cases of news reports to uncover how journalists can systematically identify and categorize linguistic choices available to him/her to reconstruct the reality. Based on the case analysis, he proposes that the naive concept of objectivity has to be replaced by the concept of transparency, and critical rhetoric plays a major role in doing so.

讲座人介绍
 Paulus van den Hoven出生于1954年,现为厦门大学新闻与传播学院教授,荷兰乌得勒支大学语言与传播学教授,法学专家,语言学博士。他长期从事语言表现力的研究,著述颇丰。研究领域包括符号学、批判修辞学、以及话语理论。在2015年出版的《淘金:修辞话语分析的艺术》一书中,他将批评修辞发展成话语建构中必然选择的理论。他认为,现实世界是进化的产物,它以人类为中心,部分主观地解释着我们感受到的东西。而通常我们的感官体验都只是一种“中介”,我们对“现实世界”的了解则更多是来自他人的话语。

    Paulus van den Hoven (1954) is chair professor at the School of Journalism and Communication of Xiamen University and full professor of language and communication at Utrecht University in the Netherlands. He owns a PhD in Linguistics and also graduated as a jurist. This combination may explain his lifelong fascination for the performative power of language. He published extensively on the tools of the communicator (semiotics), their function in how an audience’s reality is discursively created (critical rhetoric), and the relation between rhetoric and rationality (argument theory). In his book Gold Mining, the Art of Rhetorical Discourse Analysis (2015) he develops critical rhetoric as a theory of inevitable choices in discourse construction, choices that matter to the audience. He argues that our reality is actually an evolutionary product, a human-centered, partly subjective interpretation of what our senses register. But most of our sensory experiences are sincerely mediated: we learn our reality from others out of discourse.

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