Interfacing DNA with metal ions, metal oxides, and metal nanoparticles

讲座名称: Interfacing DNA with metal ions, metal oxides, and metal nanoparticles
讲座时间 2017-05-16
讲座地点 基础学科大楼B249
讲座人 刘珏文
讲座内容
报告题目: Interfacing DNA with metal ions, metal oxides, and metal nanoparticles
报告时间: 2017年5月16日 下午16:00-17:30
报告地点: 基础学科大楼B249
报  告 人:  加拿大滑铁卢大学-刘珏文教授
报告摘要:
DNA is a polyanion with strong affinity towards metal containing species. We are interested in studying the interaction between DNA and metal for analytical applications. This talk will cover three aspects. 1) In vitro selection of metal-specific DNAzymes. DNAzymes are DNA-based catalysts and we focus on RNA-cleaving DNAzymes. Using lanthanide ions as cofactors, we isolated a suite of new DNAzymes that can selectively detect rare-earth metals. By using phosphorothioate modified DNAzymes, we developed new probes for a few toxic heavy metal ions. 2) The adsorption of DNA by various metal oxides were studied, where the phosphate backbone of DNA is shown to be critical for the adsorption reaction. Using fluorescently labeled DNA, highly sensitive detection of arsenate and hydrogen peroxide was achieved. 3) DNA adsorption by gold nanoparticles is studied as a function of salt concentration and pH. Based on this study, we developed an ultrasensitive method for functionalizing gold surface with DNA.
 

讲座人介绍
报告人简介:
刘珏文,加拿大滑铁卢大学化学系副教授,博士生导师。2000年毕业于中国科技大学化学系,获得本科学位。2005年获美国伊利诺伊大学化学系博士学位。自2009年起受聘于加拿大滑铁卢大学。在过去七年内,获得加拿大自然科学基金,加拿大创新基金,加拿大化学会Fred Beamish奖,安大略省青年研究者奖等多项研究资助。近年来接收和发表期刊研究论文和书籍章节共计180余篇,其中Acc. Chem. Res. (1), Chem. Rev. (1), PNAS (2), J. Am. Chem. Soc. (19), Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. (5), Adv. Mater. (3), Anal. Chem. (13), 引用数达13000余次。其中引用超过100次的有35篇。担任英国皇家化学会Analytical Methods杂志副主编。现主要从事核酸适配体,纳米材料和软物质的分析化学,物理化学,以及表面性质的研究。
 

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